|Federal Drug Testing - DOT|
|Signs of Drug Use|
|Dangers of Synthetic Drugs|
|Alcohol Breath Tests|
|Drug Testing in the Workplace|
Prescription Drugs: Available on the black market?
Posted on 05-31-17 by Kent Goellner
Prescription drugs, including Oxycodone, OxyContin, Percocet, Vicodin, Xanax, Valium, Prozac, Celexa, Ambien, etc., are in great demand on the black market. In fact, prescription drug trafficking is a billion-dollar industry as prescription drug use is the fastest-growing drug-related problem in our country, if not the world. The black market sells pain medications, hypnotics, anti-anxiety, anti-psychotics and anti-depressant drugs.
Do you remember when marijuana was considered the gateway drug? Sadly, prescription drugs are now considered the gateway drug leading to addiction to cocaine, heroin and other illegal hard-core drugs.
The following are examples of the going rate for prescription drugs on the black market. These figures are estimates as the pricing steadily increases as the demand increases.
Opiates: (street pricing per pill vs. retail price when sold legally)
Oxycodone: $80.00 ($6.00 retail)
Vicodin: $35.00 ($1.50 retail)
Hydrocodone: $40.00 ($5.00 retail)
Percocet: $20.00 ($7.00 retail)
OxyContin: $90.00 ($8.00 retail)
Antidepressants: (street price for 30 doses vs. street price per pill)
Remeron (Mirtazapine): $43.00 ($5.00)
Celexa (Citalopram): $30.00 (Varies)
Prozac (Fluoxetine): $25.00 (varies)
Antipsychotics: (street price for 30 doses vs. street price per pill)
Zyprexa (Olanzapine): $100.00 ($10.00)
Seroquel (Quetiapine): $50.00 ($8.00)
Anti-anxiety: (street price for 30 doses vs. street price per pill)
Klonopin (Clonazepam): $80.00 ($11.00)
Valium (Diazepam): $60.00 ($6.00)
Xanax (Alprazolam): $22.00 (varies)
Hypnotics: (street price for 30 doses vs. street price per pill)
Ambien (Zolpidem): $30.00 ($6.00)
Prescription drug dealers push to sell individual pills as the profit margin is astronomically higher than the 30 dose option. Either way, there are over 8 million Americans that use and abuse prescription drugs so it is likely that the demand will remain quite high.
What is the definition of "adulteration"? How can somebody adulterate a drug test?
Posted on 02-03-17 by Kent Goellner (borrowed from our FAQ's)
Adulteration is the purposeful tampering of a specimen with the intention of altering the test results. Adulterants may cause "false negative" results by either interfering with the test and/or destroying the drug metabolites in the specimen. In urine tests, dilution may be used to produce false negative drug test results. To help rule out purposeful adulteration, it is best to request "directly-observed" drug tests. All hair strand and fingernail drug tests are directly observed.
Determining certain urinary characteristics such as temperature, specific gravity and pH, and to detect the presence of oxidants in urine are considered to be the best ways to test for adulteration.
Temperature: All valid samples range from 90-100 degrees.
Creatinine: An amino acid contained in muscle tissue and found in urine. Abnormal creatinine indicates that adulteration is evident.
Oxidants: Bleach, hydrogen peroxide and Pyridinium Chlorochromate ("UrineLuck").
Specific Gravity (Dilution): Normal levels for specific gravity will range from 1.003 to 1.030.
pH (Acidity): Normal pH levels should be in the range of 4.0 to 9.0.
Nitrates: Tests for commonly used commercial adulterants such as "Klear" or "Whizzies."
Glutaraldehyde: This adulterant may cause false-negative screening results by disrupting the enzyme used in some immunoassay tests and not normally found in human urine.
Methamphetamine Exposure in Children: Dangers and Concerns
Posted on 12-14-16 by Kent Goellner
Unfortunately there are several different ways that children can be exposed to the harmful effects of methamphetamines. They can be exposed prenatally, environmentally through the skin and through inhalation, ingestion and breast milk. Older children and teenagers are more likely to be exposed through inhalation rather than ingestion. Drug Endangered Children (DEC), such as those exposed to methamphetamine either prenatally or in their environment, are at an increased risk of experiencing physical, mental and emotional disabilities. Children of parents who use drugs, namely methamphetamines, are more likely to experience neglect of food and shelter, medical neglect and verbal, emotional, physical and sexual abuse. The danger is exponentially higher if children are raised in "meth lab" homes where methamphetamine ("Crystal Meth") is produced.
There are significant risks to both mother and child when methamphetamines are ingested during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Prematurity, low birth weight, developmental delays, learning disabilities, anxiety, irritability, poor sleep are just some of the harmful effects on both mother and child.
The effects of exposure to the chemicals involved in manufacturing methamphetamine, including ingestion, can result in life-threatening issues, including death. Some of the effects are increased agitation and irritability, elevated body temperature and elevated heart rate.
The following is a list of the major ingredients used to produce Crystal Meth:
Needless to say, all of these chemicals are extremely toxic. Therefore, chronic use of methamphetamines are deadly.
NOTE: ADS now offers Environmental Drug Testing (Child Guard) to confirm or rule out ingestion of or exposure to drugs.
Signs and Symptoms of Drug Use: Children, Adolescents and Young Adults
Posted on 05-11-16 by Kent Goellner
The following is a list I have compiled of what you should look for to help determine if your child/teenager is drinking alcohol or using drugs:
1) Changes in Personal Appearance
Unusual body odor or poor hygiene habits
Flushed or red cheeks
Wearing long sleeves even in warm weather
"Track Marks" (intravenous drug use)
Burn marks on lips and/or fingers
Hidden stashes of alcohol, cigarettes, lighters, toilet paper rolls
2) Changes in Behavior
Withdrawn or depressed
Poor eye contact
3) Increased Health Issues
Runny nose (not allergy or cold related)
Sudden weight change
4) Changes in Personal Habits
Excessive gum chewing
Reliance on eyedrops and breath mints
Breaking of curfew
Smell of smoke on clothes, breath and belongings
5) School and/or Work Related Changes
Drop in grades
Lack of interest
Reports of suspected drug or alcohol use from teachers or co-workers
Refusal to do homework
Skipping class (truancy)
6) Suspected Thievery
Missing drugs (prescription or over-the-counter)
Specific Symptoms of Alcohol Intoxication: slurred speech, lack of coordination, failure to make eye contact, alcohol on the breath and bloodshot eyes.
Dangers of Synthetic and Designer Drugs: "Bath Salts" and "K2"
Posted on 04-20-16 by Kent Goellner
Synthetic drugs are any drugs that are chemically manufactured to resemble naturally occurring drugs. The most common synthetic drug has a street name of "bath salts". They fall into the methamphetamine and ecstasy category. These drugs have absolutely no medical use and are therefore extremely dangerous, especially to our youth. Toxicologists are always working hard to develop tests that will detect the metabolites of these manufactured stimulants. Unfortunately, there's always somebody out there who alters one or two chemicals and creates a whole new "drug". Therefore, it takes a little while for the toxicologists to catch up.
The most common synthetic stimulants include MDMA, MDPV, BZP, mCPP, MDA MDEA, TFMPP, a-PVP and MBDB. At the time of this writing, there are up to 21 synthetic stimulants on the streets.
The most common synthetic marijuana has a street name of "K2". Users mistakenly think that because marijuana is "natural" it is not dangerous, therefore, synthetic marijuana must not be dangerous either. This couldn't be further from the truth. All synthetic drugs, both stimulants and cannabinoid, have psychoactive properties that can cause hallucinations, delusions and extremely erratic behaviors.
The most common synthetic cannabinoids are JWH-018, RCS-4, JWH-073, AM-2201, JWH-081 and JWH-250.
So the next time you are concerned about amphetamine and marijuana use, it is suggested that you also test for synthetic drugs because synthetic drugs will not show up in traditional drug tests.
Editors Note: ADS tests for all major synthetic stimulants and cannabinoids. Contact ADS directly at 919-378-9201 for more information.
Drug Testing in the Workplace: Value and Importance
Posted on 02-18-16 by Kent Goellner
Why is drug testing in the workplace crucial? The answer is simple. If you want to ensure a safe environment, retain honest employees, increase productivity and reduce absenteeism then drug testing and background checks are a must. Regardless if you are a small business or large, in construction or corporate, drug and alcohol testing should be a critical part of your hiring and employee retention process and decision-making. Recent numbers indicate that 85% of employers and business owners currently have valid drug testing policies in place that is enforced via pre-employment and random drug testing/background checks. This percentage is only going to increase as employers develop an understanding of the far-reaching and negative consequences of drug use and abuse in the workplace.
While 90% of employers are only drug and alcohol testing pre-employment candidates, the ongoing random testing of current employees is on the rise as well. The following are suggested times/reasons when drug testing should be performed:
1) Pre-Employment - Offer of employment should not be confirmed until results are received
2) Random - Employees should never know when/who will be tested next
3) Post Accident - Forklift accidents, car accidents, suspected work-related harm to or theft of customers/clients, etc.
4) Reasonable Suspicion - This can include suspected theft, sudden change in personality, fellow employers witnessing drug use, accidents on the job
5) Pre-Transfer/Promotion - It is suggested that you consider this "pre-employment" drug testing of sorts
6) Return to Work/Duty - Upon return of an employee who was suspended due to confirmation of drug use
It is also a must that your company has a current drug test policy that has been created and maintained by a drug test consultant. All employees must receive a copy of the drug test policy. Once employees have signed a form stating they are aware of the drug test policy, random drug testing for any reason can begin.
Highlights of the NC Controlled Substance Examination Regulation Act:
Q: Are employers required by North Carolina law to conduct drug testing?
A: No. Examinations are not required, but they are highly recommended.
Q: Do employers have to have a written drug testing policy?
A: No. However a written policy is essential to a successful workplace drug use prevention program.
Q: Under what conditions can I require my employee to take a drug test?
A: An employer can establish conditions and circumstances such as post-accident, random, safety-sensitive, pre-employment, follow-up or reasonable suspicion.
Q: As an employer, can I conduct drug tests on-site?
A: Prospective employees may perform rapid drug screens on site, provided that all non-negative (presumptive positive) samples are sent to an improved laboratory for confirmation. All current employees must have sample sent directly to an improved laboratory to perform the screening and confirmation, if applicable.
Q: What if my employee refuses to take a drug test?
A: You may remove them from employment consideration or terminate employment.
Q: What happens if I believe the urine sample has been diluted or contaminated in some way?
A: You can refuse to use the sample provided. It is recommended that you have the sample tested for the following adulteration categories: temperature, pH, specific gravity, amino acids, addition of bleach/peroxide, and more.
Q: I have an employee who is less than 18 years old. Do I need parental consent to perform a drug test?
A: According to the NCCSERA (North Carolina Controlled Substance Examination Regulation Act) parental consent is not required. It is recommended that if you have any concerns that you consult with your attorney before requesting drug tests on minors.
Q: If a parent (or anybody for that matter) requests copies of drug test results, am I allowed to provide them?
A: Only with consent of the employee/applicant.
Childguard® Environmental Testing:
Posted on 12-08-15 by Kent Goellner
This specialized testing is able to test Children to see what kind of environment they have been exposed to. Childguard® testing can distinguish between native drugs and drug metabolites in the childs hair or fingernail specimen. With a positive result, Childguard® testing suggests that a child has been exposed to drugs via contact with drug smoke, contact with sweat or sebum (skin oil) of a drug user, contact with the actual drug or accidental/intentional ingestion of the drug(s).
Drug abuse often keeps adults from doing what is in the best interest of a child.
Donors can be tested at any age and can provide evidence of substance abuse in a childs environment up to 3 months.
Drug Testing News - Nobody Is Immune!
Posted on 10-28-15 by Kent Goellner
We have all read in the news how many athletes, including Lance Armstrong, Marin Cilic, Asafa Powell and Tyson Gay have been suspended or banned from their sport due to drug and steroid use. Another epidemic is emerging in that employers have neglected to drug test forklift operators, machinists, roller coaster operators, etc.
The most recent event that caught my attention was the building in Pittsburgh that was in the demolition stage when it collapsed on a Salvation Army thrift store, killing 6 and injuring more than 14 people. It was determined that one of the demolition workers was under the influence of marijuana.
How do these current events affect your business, teenager, employee, client, custody case and more? The fact is that nobody is immune to the devastation caused by drug use and abuse. Drug abuse hits close to home, perhaps in your own backyard. That is why it is recommended that the following persons be initially tested to achieve a baseline and then randomly tested:
2) New Hires
4) College Students who live at home (or for whom you are paying tuition)
5) Custody and Divorce case clients
6) Interns (before assignment begins)
Our most frequently requested urine drug screens are the 10-Panel and 12-Panel Rapid drug tests. We use SAMHSA certified labs for all of our non-rapid testing procedures, including, LabCorp, Quest Diagnostics, Clincial Reference Laboratory, MedTox Laboratory and Redwood Toxicology.
Analytical Characteristics of Urine and Hair: Benefits of Hair Testing
Posted on 05-29-15 by Kent Goellner
Risk of False Negative
Risk of False Positive
Risk of Adulteration
Impact of Drugged Driving: "Sleep Driving" (Ambien Zombie-ism)
Posted on 05-04-15 by Kent Goellner
Drugged driving is a serious traffic safety issue and a national epidemic with devastating consequences. 33% of fatally injured drivers who are tested for drugs test positive. DUID (Driving under the Influence of Drugs) is illegal in every state. The Department of Transportation (DOT) established a zero tolerance standard which prohibits commercial drivers from driving with illegal drugs in their system. North Carolina has passed a similar law making it illegal for anybody to drive with drugs in their system. There are exceptions for drivers who take medications in accordance with a valid prescription. Ambien, Amphetamines, Cocaine, Marijuana, prescription drugs (i.e. Barbiturates and Benzodiazepines) and Opiates are a few of the main culprits. Taking any of these drugs with alcohol is especially lethal.
How Drugs Affect Faculties Required for Safe Driving:
1) Judgment: Some drugs affect cognition and have the potential to impair concentration and ability to make emergency decisions.
2) Perception: Drugs can produce visual or auditory distortions and affect perception of time, space and distance.
3) Coordination: Drugs may impair one's ability to break, steer and accelerate properly.
4) Reaction Time: Drugs, mainly depressants, can create reaction deficits with respect to breaking and steering.
5) Tracking: Depressant drugs, inhalants and PCP can cause ocular disturbances.
Ambien and Zombie-ism:
Ambien is a hypnotic that was approved by the FDA in 1992. It is used to treat insomnia and it remains one of the most prescribed drugs in the world. Adverse side effects include sleepwalking, sleep eating, sleep sex, sleep shopping, bizarre behaviors (i.e., eating cigarettes with butter) and sleep driving. Mixing Ambien with alcohol is especially lethal. Ambien users who exhibit these behaviors often report having absolutely no memory of it. Even though the FDA has ordered that all hypnotics have stronger warnings on their labels, behaviors listed above still occur with alarming regularity.
To add insult to injury, Ambien is quickly becoming a "street drug" that is used solely with the intention of getting high.
It is thought that if one fights the drugs sleep-inducing effect, a powerful high ensues.
These individuals often disregard the potential blackouts and any other negative consequences of use.
Decreased inhibitions and memory lapses are apparently very desirable. For that reason Ambien is increasingly being used as a date rape drug.
Here are some disturbing stories caused by driving under the influence of Ambien:
1) Patrick Kennedy: In a car accident after taking Ambien and his explanation was that he was "running late for a vote." He claimed he had no recollection of these events.
2) Lindsey Schweigert: Got out of bed, drew a bath, left the house with the dog, drove to a restaurant and crashed her car.
3) Julie Ann Bronson: Had been drinking wine, went to bed early, awoke the following morning in jail, still in her pajamas, barefoot and terrified. She had run over 3 people, including an infant who suffered severe brain damage as a result of the accident.
4) Kerry Kennedy: Found not guilty of drugged-driving after "mistakingly" taking Ambien. Swerved her Lexus into a tractor-trailer.
Other bizarre anecdotal side effects of Ambien:
5) Tiger Woods: One of his mistresses bragged about "crazy Ambien sex" with Tiger. This issue came to light during his very public divorce.
Background Checks: Needless or Necessary In the Workplace?
Posted on 04-09-15 by Kent Goellner
Comprehensive criminal background checks are a must for aiding in your decision to hire an employee or retain a current employee. The following are potential risks you may face if you do not perform background checks:
1) Rapid Employee Turnover
2) Drug and Alcohol Use/Abuse
4) Accidents In the Workplace
5) High Costs When Hiring Negligent Employees
6) Potential Fraud And Theft
If you have familiarized yourself with my website, then you know how I feel about the importance of performing pre-employment and random drug testing. Background checks are the only way to confirm whether or not a potential employee is suitable for employment. The following is a list of crucial information that a comprehensive background check will reveal:
Criminal History: Department of Corrections, Sex Offender, Violent Sex Offender, National and International Terrorism Foreign Nationals Database and P.R.I.O.R.S.
Motor Vehicle Report: Department of Motor Vehicles, license status, suspensions or revocation's, moving violations, DUIs, point accumulation, chargeable accidents, court appearances and departmental actions.
Social Security Address Trace: Applicants residency, movement patterns, address history, state and validity of issue, Social Security Death Index search.
Workers Compensation Report: History of reports of injury and court contested claims, date of injury, employer at time of incident, time lost, type of injury, body part and any job-related disability.
Employment, Education, Reference and Residence Verification: Contact with personal and professional references, applicants residency history, validation of degrees earned, proof of residency.
In today's business climate, there are generally many more applicants than positions are available. That means that you, the employer, are at an advantage of being able to eliminate undesirable candidates. So it is up to you to conduct due diligence to protect your company and your employees.
And finally, here are some startling statistics that confirm the absolute necessity of performing background checks, and, of course, drug testing.
53%: Percentage of job applicants that lie on their resumes
10%-20%: Percent of employees who die on the job that test positive for alcohol and other drugs
13%: Percentage of lost productivity in substance abusers/criminals
3X: Average times that drug abusers/criminals change jobs per year
$15,000,000,000.00: Average amount employee theft cost retailers in 2010
75%: Percentage of employees who steal from their employer at least once during their employment
13%: Percentage of fraudulent Worker's Compensation filings
Federal Drug Testing (URINE) - Department of Transportation and US Department of Health and Human Services
Posted on 10-22-14 by Seanna Hoffman
DOT stands for Department of Transportation and HHS stands for Health and Human Services. The DOT and HHS have very strict rules on how to conduct pre-employment, return-to-duty, post-accident, follow-up, reasonable suspicion, random etc. drug tests.
Here is a quick breakdown of the procedural requirements in DOT testing:
Pre-DOT Collection Procedures:
Inspect collection site, secure water sources, add bluing agent to both toilet and tank, remove soap or foreign substances, forbid unauthorized access and remove all trash receptacles.
Step #1: Donor must provide valid photo ID
Why: To ensure that donor has not sent a substitute in his/her place
Step #2: Explain collection procedures
Why: To prevent misunderstanding and/or confusion
Step #3: Instruct donor to remove outer clothing and empty pockets
Why: To assess whether potential adulteration materials were brought to the collection site by donor
Step #4: Instruct donor to wash hands under collector supervision, with liquid soap only, followed by immediate removal of soap dispenser from bathroom
Why: To hamper their ability to conceal adulterants in the palm of their hand or even under the fingernails
Step #5: Instruct donor to void bladder and hand specimen to collector immediately after void, before flushing the toilet or washing hands again
Why: Collector must check temperature within 4 minutes
Step #6: Evaluate specimen for potential adulteration (i.e., temperature out of range, dilution, odor of bleach and/or peroxide, etc.)
Why: If any adulteration attempts are determined, a 2nd directly-observed test must be conducted immediately
Step #7: Check volume and prepare specimens for shipping to lab in the presence of donor
Why: Urine specimen must be visible by both collector and donor throughout the specimen preparation process to avoid future confusion or statements made by donor that the collector has altered/substituted sample
Step #8: Complete paperwork and provide donor a copy while instructing him/her to list any over-the-counter or prescription medications they might be taking
Why: If a drug category reports as positive, an MRO (Medical Review Officer) will contact donor to confirm the positive result and determine any potential "false positives"
The following are the testing authorities under which DOT regulations must be adhered to:
FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration)
FAA (Federal Aviation Administration)
FRA (Federal Railroad Administration)
FTA (Federal Transit Administration)
PHMSA (Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration)
USCG (United States Coast Guard)
HHS (US Dept. of Health and Human Services)
DOE (Department of Education)
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
DOL (Department of Labor)
FBI (Federal Bureau of investigation)
NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission)
Editor's Note: ADS performs all DOT and HHS federal testing as listed above and also adheres to DOT 49 CFR Part 40 Regulations for all rapid and NON-DOT urine testing. We also perform nationwide criminal background checks and motor vehicle reports, as they are often required along with DOT drug testing.
Breath Tests: Principles, Types and Blood Alcohol Content Readings
Posted on 9-9-14 by Seanna Hoffman
Alcohol remains one of the top most abused mind-altering substances in America. Parents, spouses and employers alike should always be mindful of the effects produced by alcohol. These include speech, vision and gross motor impairment, to name a few. Also, I think we would all agree that eliminating drunk drivers from our streets would be ideal. Unfortunately, we will probably never be able to achieve that goal. Research has determined that about 38% of all traffic related deaths are related to alcohol. The most common roadside sobriety tests include asking the driver to touch their nose and/or walk a straight line. While many of these drivers can pass those two tests, their blood alcohol content may still be above the legal limit of 0.08% (formally 0.10%) in most states.
Breath tests offer the latest technology to determine blood alcohol content (BAC). When a person consumes alcoholic beverages, the alcohol will show up in the breath because alcohol is absorbed by the mouth, throat, stomach, intestines and then into the bloodstream for further digestion. Having said this, the use of the breath test is the preferred method in that it prevents having to draw blood or collect a urine sample to test alcohol content. Breath tests can be performed anywhere, anytime and with instant results. Keep in mind that a breath test is a valuable tool when attempting to confirm or rule out alcohol consumption in teenagers, employees, spouses, etc.
When measuring blood alcohol content with the breath test, the person simply breathes through a mouthpiece into the device. The breath test will then yield a percentage rating.
The following describes each percentage:
0.00 - 0.01%: Sober, legally non-inebriated
0.02 - 0.03%: Slight euphoria, generally no loss of coordination.
0.04 - 0.06%: Feeling of well-being, relaxation, impairment of reasoning and memory and lowering of caution/inhibition.
0.07 - 0.09%: Impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction time and hearing.
0.10 - 0.12%: Significant impairment of motor coordination and loss of good judgment. Slurred speech.
0.13 - 0.15%: Gross impairment of motor coordination, blurred vision, slight dysphoria.
0.16 - 0.24%: Predominant dysphoria, nausea, appearance of a “sloppy drunk”.
0.25 - 0.29%: Total mental confusion, nausea, vomiting and unable to walk without assistance.
0.30 - 0.39%: Loss of consciousness.
0.40% +: Onset of coma. Possible death due to respiratory arrest.
Note: The above figures are estimations as each individual has different metabolisms and therefore may exhibit different levels of impairment.
ADS's Urine Drug Test Adulteration Prevention and Detection Process:
Posted on 08-21-14 by Seanna Hoffman
ADS follows federal DOT regulations regarding adulteration detection and prevention for ALL urine tests (rapid and non-rapid), including:
Valid picture ID is required to confirm that donor has not sent a substitute donor in their place.
Required results forms are filled out.
Donor removes all unnecessary outer clothing and empties all pockets prior to entering bathroom.
Donor demonstrates to collector that all pockets are empty and that there are no items anywhere on their person.
Donor washes hands prior to specimen collection.
Both toilet and tank contain a bluing agent to prevent donor from attempting to dilute sample.
No trash receptacles are present to prevent depositing of adulteration paraphernalia.
Paper towel dispensers are secured to prevent hiding of adulteration paraphernalia.
Soap, disinfectants, cleaning agents or any other possible adulterants are removed from bathroom.
While collector stands by door to bathroom, donor is instructed to provide sample and not flush the toilet or wash hands.
After collector examines bathroom, tests the temperature of the sample and confirms sample is valid and non-adulterated, donor may flush toilet and wash hands.
Donor signs results form indicating that they have not adulterated in any manner and that the sample may be confirmed at a lab for confirmation purposes.
NON-DOT and DOT Tests: sent with completed chain-of-custody overnight to lab for testing and confidential results are submitted to authorized personnel upon receipt.
Rapid Tests: Confidential results are submitted to authorized personnel when both collector and donor have completed the preliminary results form and results are complete.
On 10 and 12-Panel rapid tests only: An additional 7-Panel adulterant detection test is conducted and the categories are as follows: Temperatuare, Oxidants, Specific Gravity, pH, Nitrates, Glutaraldehyde and Creatinine. Confidential results are submitted to authorized personnel only.
Call us at 919-378-9201 for more information. Or send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
All services are 100% confidential so your privacy is insured. Anonymous drug testing welcome.